- The Belgian government has invested in personnel and technology for the Belgian security and intelligence services since the terrorist attacks in Brussels in 2016.
- Nonetheless, the services face ongoing organisational challenges and remain under-resourced given the scale of the espionage and terrorist threat to the country.
- The effectiveness of the reforms to the services will largely depend on continued political engagement to maintain momentum, particularly in the face of emerging challenges.
Belgian intelligence has come under considerable scrutiny since 2015. After the attacks in Paris on 13 November 2015, which had a Belgian connection, followed by attacks in Brussels on 22 March 2016, the performance of the two Belgian security services was questioned in the media and in parliamentary committees.